conflict minerals stigma

European Union proposes conflict mineral law

2014-3-5 · Its interesting trying to solve conflict minerals by just drawing a map of conflict and then blacklisting this into a desired stigma area that is using its economy to currency weapons to fight the ...

Rwanda Moves To Remove "Stigma" Of Congo''s Conflict …

2019-10-27 · Rwanda Moves To Remove "Stigma" Of Congo''s Conflict Minerals. Theogene Cyiza October 27, 2019. Trustworthy and indepth news stories are more …

Federal Register :: Conflict Minerals

2012-9-12 · The Conflict Minerals Statutory Provision defines the term "conflict mineral" as cassiterite, columbite-tantalite, gold, wolframite, or their derivatives, or any other minerals or their derivatives determined by the Secretary of State to be financing conflict in the Covered Countries.

National Center r°''Policy Analysis

2017-2-13 · when companies fled to avoid compliance costs or the stigma of conflict minerals. Unfortunately, a large percentage of mineral operations came from Congolese artisan miners outside rebel control. This exodus of capital and business drove thousands deeper into poverty. Many families have since turned to unreliable subsistence farming.

Culture, Beliefs, Attitudes, and Stigmatized Illnesses ...

Conflict generated when the rules of one''s own culture are contradicted by the rules of another. ... Stigma reduces the value of the persons who have a mental disorder in the eyes of the community and the government. Medications that are needed in the treatment of mental disorders, for example, are considered expensive even when their cost is ...

Can You Hear Congo Now?

2017-4-25 · Conflict minerals Sexual violence in Congo is often fueled by militias and armies warring over "conflict minerals," the ores that produce tin, tungsten, and tantalum—the "3 Ts"—as well as gold. Armed groups from Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda finance themselves through the illicit conflict mineral trade

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Conflict Minerals in Your Mobile—Why Congo''s War Matters

2012-11-29 · Conflict Minerals in Your Mobile—Why Congo''s War Matters. Global financial markets don''t pay much attention to the conflict in the Democratic Republic of …

Discrimination against people with mental illness: what ...

Stigma against mental health staff. Although of relatively less importance than the discrimination against people with a mental illness, mental health staff are also subjected to a form of ''stigma by association''. As a psychiatrist, I (G.T.) am astonished by what most people think I do at work.

Can You Hear Congo Now? Cell Phones, Conflict Minerals ...

2014-12-2 · The writing regarding the impact of Dodd-Frank''s conflict minerals provisions keeps being limited to publicly-traded US companies (technically, those filing reports with the SEC under 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act). That grossly under-reports the actual impact, even though those are the companies who must file with the SEC.

A Dual-Successive-Screen Model at Pollen/Stigma and …

The ''pollen test'' and ''fruit set test'' following controlled crossing combinations of parents are the most commonly used methods for pollination incompatibility studies in Olea europaea L. Self-incompatibility (SI), with diagnoses based on the pollen test and pollen germination, indicating self-compatibility, is not always followed by fruit set in this species. To solve this dispute, we ...

What do conflict minerals have to do with financial reform ...

2015-11-13 · Many large American companies have left or reduced operations in the DRC to avoid compliance costs and the stigma of conflict minerals. This …

Peace and Conflict Resolution Resources

A Free Toolkit for Programming on Minerals and Conflict This toolkit for development agency practitioners on the management of mineral wealth and its links to conflict is part of a series commissioned by USAID from leading environment and security practitioners, exploring how development assistance can address key natural resource-related risk ...

Conflict Minerals: How Dodd-Frank is affecting mining in ...

2015-11-24 · Minerals must be labelled ''DRC conflict free'', or the company must adhere to a further list of requirements. In fact, this section has proved so burdensome that of the companies affected, 89 per cent hired one full-time employee to manage the conflict mineral issue alone, and 6 per cent hired at least five to six new workers.

The SEC and Global Justice: The Status of the Conflict ...

2013-9-3 · Despite questions about institutional competence, the SEC gamely took on the challenge of writing the regulations. Several months after Dodd-Frank, the agency issued proposed rules on conflict minerals, and in August 2012, the agency issued its final rules. As widely anticipated, its efforts were challenged in court soon thereafter.

Corporate reporting on conflict: A struggle over land ...

2021-7-16 · In addition, the discourse of legal conflict neglects the role of the State in creating a divisive land law that overrides the customary law where minerals are found on the land of an owner. The State law has created an unequal system that privileges large-scale mining companies in the provision of licence and monopolisation of resources.

Conflict Minerals in Your Mobile—Why Congo''s War Matters

conflict minerals stigma. Home conflict minerals stigma. Conflict resource - Wikipedia. Conflict resources are natural resources extracted in a conflict zone and sold to perpetuate the fighting. There is both statistical and anecdotal evidence that belligerent accessibility to precious commodities can prolong conflicts (a "resource curse").The ...

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SEC Conflict Minerals Rule Conjures Up Controversy ...

2014-5-19 · The SEC''s Conflict Minerals Rule, Exchange Act Rule 13p-1 and Form SD, which was adopted under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, has been controversial throughout its short history due to questions of business materiality and the costly due diligence requirements of the rule itself.

Conflict minerals: Why Apple can''t stop digging holes ...

2017-4-26 · Conflict minerals: Why Apple can''t stop digging holes. "Just before Earth Day, Apple Inc. announced a new goal: to make its computers and phones and watches without mining any new raw ...

Dodd-Frank conflict minerals fiasco, cont''d | Overlawyered

2014-12-2 · The writing regarding the impact of Dodd-Frank''s conflict minerals provisions keeps being limited to publicly-traded US companies (technically, those filing reports with the SEC under 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act). That grossly under-reports the actual impact, even though those are the companies who must file with the SEC.

Here''S Why You Should Care About The War In Congo

2012-11-26 · Like Sierra Leone with its notorious ''blood diamonds'', DRC Congo has been blighted by the stigma of ''conflict minerals'''' where the proceeds from resources extracted from mines controlled by government or rebel forces are used to fund war. ''Conflict-free'' certification programs and legislation have sought to reduce market share of resources ...

Frontiers | Long-Term Impact of War, Civil War, and ...

2020-2-25 · This chapter describes how chronic conflict, warfare, and persecution, as lived experiences, have created significant mental distress in communities on the African continent. There is a growing body of research that highlights increasing mental distress in Africa e.g., about sexuality, health, disease, modernity, climate, politics, culture, religion, ethnicities, race, economies etc.

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When/why (not) to use Tantalum capacitors. Pros, cons ...

 · Moral: Since some of the major tantalum ore (columbite-tantalite / coltan) mines are located in conflict zones (e.g. Democratic Republic of Congo) so one can argue that tantalum is a conflict mineral. I''m not sure though to what extent that still counts today as …

Statement of Benedict S. Cohen

2011-12-22 · challenging of the minerals, has yet to be released. The State Department conflict minerals map called for by section 1502 of the Act when released this summer was so heavily caveated as to be largely useless for due diligence. Likewise, various initiatives covering the mine-to-smelter segment of the supply chain, the certified smelter program,

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Employment in Sierra Leone: what happened to post …

The centrality of minerals was influenced by the ... tensions but also to stigma from the war (P ... Studies on post-conflict reconstruction in Africa have glossed over the need for state ...

Can You Hear Congo Now? Cell Phones, Conflict Minerals ...

2009-4-1 · Conflict minerals pledge. Companies manufacturing, retailing, or trading in materials containing tin, tantalum, tungsten, or gold that may originate in the Democratic Republic of the Congo have an obligation to ensure that they are not financing armed …

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''Agro sí, mina NO!'' the Tía Maria copper mine, state ...

2019-5-1 · This conflict began in 2009, yet Southern Copper Peru, a subsidiary of Grupo Mexico, already began assessing the mineral reserve situated above the agricultural Tambo Valley in 2000. It negotiated with government officials and civil servants in 2005 and later provided three consultations ( audencias ) to the Tambo Valley.

IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Mental Health Related Stigma as ...

Recent reviews on the evidence base for mental health related stigma reduction show that under certain conditions interpersonal contact is effective in promoting more positive attitudes, reduced desire for social distance, and increased stigma related knowledge (knowledge which disconfirms beliefs based on stereotypes). Short-term interventions may have effects that are attenuated over time ...

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2021-9-21 · The COVID-19 crisis has resulted in the largest decrease in taxes on wages since the 2008-09 financial crisis, according to Taxing Wages 2021. The drop in the tax wedge was even bigger for s with children. Labour taxation varies across the OECD: the tax wedge on the average single worker ranges from zero in Colombia to 51.5% in Belgium.

Dr. M Denedo

2021-3-8 · Biography. Mercy Denedo is an Assistant Professor in Accounting. Before joining Durham in November 2017, she was a doctoral student and a Graduate Teaching Assistant at Heriot-Watt University. Her undergraduate and MSc degrees were in Accounting from Delta State University, Nigeria and Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge respectively.